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Solanum lycopersicum / Lycopersicon esculentum

Latin Names: Solanum lycopersicum / Lycopersicon esculentum
English Name: Tomato
Sanskrit / Indian Names: Raktamaci, Tamatar

An unarmed, spreading, pubescent herb with a strong characteristic odor and grayish green, curled, unevenly pinnate leaves, cultivated throughout the world for its fruit.

Tomato contains general tonic, folic acid, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin K and inhibitols which are related to vitamin E. The principal organic acid present in the tomato fruit is citric acid. Carotenoids, ß-carotene and lycopene, constitute the chief coloring matters of a tomato. The alcoholic extract of tomato has central depressant and analgesic properties.