Latin Name: Sapindus trifoliatus
English Name: Soapnut-tree of South India
Sanskrit / Indian Names: Arishta, Phenila
A medium-sized deciduous tree found wild in south India, usually with 2-3 pairs of leaves and with partially united 2-3 smaller (pea sized) drupes.
The saponins A and C and sapindosids A and B extracted from the rind of the fruit showed antifungal activity. The pericarp contains two new triterpenoid saponins, emarginatoside-B and emarginatoside-C. The fruits possess tonic and astringent properties.