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Butea monosperma

Latin Names: Butea monosperma / B.frondosa
English Name: Butea Gum Tree
Sanskrit / Indian Names: Palasa

A deciduous tree with a crooked trunk and bright orange-red flowers.

The bark exudes a red juice that dries to form the Butea gum. The gum contains leucocyanidin, tetramer, procyanidin, gallic acid and mucilaginous material.
The gum is a powerful astringent; it is given internally for diarrhea, dysentery, phthisis and hemorrhage of the stomach and bladder.