herbs » Amomum subulatum
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Amomum subulatum

Latin Name: Amomum subulatum
English Names: Larger or Greater Cardamom, Nepal Cardamom
Sanskrit / Indian Names: Aindri, Sthula ela, Brihatupakunchika

A tall, perennial herb, with leafy stems.
The seeds contain the glycosides, petunidin 3,5-diglucoside and leucocyanidin-3-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside, and a new aurone glycoside, subulin. The seeds on steam distillation yield a dark brown, mobile essential oil (2.5%) having the characteristic odor of cineol.

Medicinally, the seeds are credited with stimulant, stomachic, alexipharmic and astringent properties, and are prescribed for the treatment of indigestion, vomiting, biliousness, abdominal pains and rectal diseases. The oil from the seeds is aromatic, stimulant, anti-inflammatory and it is highly active against growth of keratinophilic fungi.