Latin Name: Amomum subulatum
English Names: Larger or Greater Cardamom, Nepal Cardamom
Sanskrit / Indian Names: Aindri, Sthula ela, Brihatupakunchika
A tall, perennial herb, with leafy stems.
The seeds contain the glycosides, petunidin 3,5-diglucoside and leucocyanidin-3-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside, and a new aurone glycoside, subulin. The seeds on steam distillation yield a dark brown, mobile essential oil (2.5%) having the characteristic odor of cineol.